Cotton DNA Migration Route
Cotton male Y-DNA began with the Y-Adam in Africa 152,000 years ago in 150,000 BCE. and migrated into South East Asia (mutation P-P295) about 34,000 BCE.
It then migrated through northern India across South East Asia (mutation P-P295) into Mongolia about 26,000 BCE to become the P-M45 mutation.
By 19,000 BCE, it had migrated north from Mongolia through Russia and east to Kazakhstan, where it mutated to R1.
It then migrated through Kazakhstan to Uzbekistan, where it mutated to become R1b about 16, the haplotype that defined the Celts. About 170,000 years ago: humans first started to wear clothing.
By the 4,000 BCE, Cotton male Y-DNA had migrated out of Uzbekistan to the Ukraine. The Gobal Ice Age ended around 13000 BCE. 6,000 years ago (4000 BCE): Civilizations developed in the Mesopotamia/Fertile Crescent region (around the location of modern-day Iraq). Earliest supposed dates for the domestication of the horse and for the domestication of the chicken.
By 3,500 BCE it had migrated to Southern Poland. 5,300 years ago: (3300 BCT): The Bronze Age began in the Near East Newgrange was built in Ireland. The Hakra Phase of the Indus Valley Civilization began in the Indian Sub-continent. Around 3500 BCE early agriculture began in Europe.
By 3,000 BCE it had mutated into R-P310 and arrived in what is present-day Germany. By 3000 BCE the Sumerian civilization in Mesopotamia flourished, The first known written documents appear at Uruk’s Level IV along with representations of priestly figures. The absence of ideograms associated with war, king, and palace along with other evidence suggests a democratic and peaceable society engaged in trade to cities in the upper Euphrates, enjoying the pleasures of beer, fish, and sex, advised by sages and teachers and making exquisite pottery and engaging in diplomacy with neighboring cities. Evidently, this changed sometime around 3000 BC with the arrival of strong social stratification, kings, and armies. Sumerians have moved from Eastern Anatolia bringing a new language and advanced culture to the existing Ubaidian peoples who had already started developing population centers in the lower Tigris Euphrates.
Over the next 500 years, Cotton Y-DNA mutated to R-L151, R-P312, R-Z290 to become R-L21 as it migrated from Germany further east through Zealand and West Flanders to Normandy and present-day Calais and where it crossed the English Channel to Dover, England where it mutated to becomeR-S552 and by 2,500 BCE reached present-day Chester, England.
The Pyramid of Khafre, Giza was built in 2500 BCE and the city of Mohenjo-daro was established with a population of 20,000 to 50,000. The Indus Valley civilization reached its peak and covered an area of around 480,000 km2 (185,000 sq mi), an area just over half the size of present-day Pakistan. They used irrigation to farm and constructed cities. The two main cities had sewage systems, bronze, trade tokens (early coins), and hieroglyphs. There were even baths at one of the villages, besides the great baths of brick in each city.
By 2,000 BCE it mutated bo R-DF13 and had journeyed north through Blackpool across Morecambe Bay to Ulverstone on the Furness Peninsula in the Lake District of England. The ancestors of the Latins arrived in Italy and Minoan culture thrives in Crete as the palace complex at Knossos is completed and occupied.
By 1,400 BCE, Cotton Y-DNA migrated north along the west coast of Scotland to Drummore at the southern end of the Rhins of Galloway. The Greek Bronze Age established the Mycenaean civilization in Thapsos and Syracuse and reached its peak under the reign under the legendary king and queen, Perseus and Andromeda.
Over the next two hundred years, it crossed the Irish Sea to land on the east coast of Ireland near Ballywalter across the Stragford Lough south of present-day Belfast. The Phonecians established the port of Lisbon, Portugal. King Menestheus, the legendary king of Athens, died during the Trojan War. Pharaoh Ramesses V died of smallpox in 1160 BCE.
Cotton Y-DNA arrived in Dublin, Ireland around 100 BCE. Solomon became king of Israel in 962 following the death of his father, King David, and completed the Temple of Jerusalem in 957 BCE. In 925 BCE Israel is partitioned into the Kingdoms of Judah and Israel and King Soloman died in 931 BCE.
Surprisingly, over the next 300 years, it returned to Scotland just south of Glenluce near Milton. The Roman Empire peaks under Trajan, Hadrian, and Marcus Aurelius.
Over the next 400 years, it mutated to become R-Z16429 and arrived on Anglesey west of Liverpool in England. Rome continued under the Byzantine Empire. Scotland, Wales, and Cornwall were separated by the Anglo-Saxons into separate kingdoms. Mohammad fled Mecca for Medina in 622 and Egypt was conquered by Islamic forces. In the Battle of Karbala, Husain was slain and became the first Shi’ite martyr.
More surprisingly, over the next 100 years, Cotton Y-DNA returned to Ireland following an identical route it followed in 1,200 BCE and settled near Dún Laoghaire on the east coast of Ireland south of Dubin. King Geraint of Dumnonia is ordered to have the Celtic Church comply with the doctrines of Rome. Southern Ireland is dominated by the Eóganachta, an Irish dynasty centered around Cashel.
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